God and Logic (Part 1)

Ken Samples

READ : Psalm 111:1-10

The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom. (v. 10, NIV)

Do the truths of Christianity have to make logical sense? The law of noncontradiction, the foundational principle for all logical thinking, asserts that two contradictory statements cannot both be true at the same time in the same way. (A cannot equal A and also equal non-A). But how does logic apply to the Trinity?

Skeptics often claim the Trinity is a logical contradiction. For example, some assert that this doctrine violates the law of noncontradiction because it claims that God is one and not one, and that God is three and not three. This criticism is a straw man, however, for orthodox Christians do not assert that God is one and not one, three and not three. Rather we assert that in the way God is one (in his essence or being), he is not three; and that in the way God is three (in his existence or personhood), he is not one. Christian theology distinguishes between God’s essence on one hand and God’s existence on the other. God is one in a different way than he is three, and three in a different way than he is one. The triune God is one “what” (God) and three “whos” (persons). This may not be fully understandable, but it is not illogical.


Lord, help me to love you with both mind and heart.