Abraham and Isaac

Rev. David Bast Uncategorized

READ : Genesis 22:1-14

If you were a father, would you give up your only son as a sacrifice to God?

One of the most puzzling stories in the Bible is about the day God told Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac. Here is what happened:

Some time later God tested Abraham. He said to him, “Abraham!”

“Here I am, “ he replied.

Then God said, “Take your son, your only son, Isaac, whom you love, and go to the region of Moriah. Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains I will tell you about.”

Early the next morning Abraham got up and saddled his donkey. He took with him two of his servants and his son Isaac. When he had cut enough wood for the burnt offering, he set out for the place God had told him about. On the third day Abraham looked up and saw the place in the distance. He said to his servants, “Stay here with the donkey while I and the boy go over there. We will worship and then we will come back to you.”

Abraham took the wood for the burnt offering and placed it on his son Isaac, and he himself carried the fire and the knife. As the two of them went on together, Isaac spoke up and said to his father Abraham, “Father?”

“Yes, my son?” Abraham replied.

“The fire and wood are here,” Isaac said, “but where is the lamb for the burnt offering?”

Abraham answered, “God himself will provide the lamb for the burnt offering, my son.” And the two of them went on together.

When they reached the place God had told him about, Abraham built an altar there and arranged the wood on it. He bound his son Isaac and laid him on the altar, on top of the wood. Then he reached out his hand and took the knife to slay his son. But the angel of the Lord called out to him from heaven, “Abraham! Abraham!”

“Here I am,” he replied.

“Do not lay a hand on the boy,” he said. “Do not do anything to him. Now I know that you fear God, because you have not withheld from me your son, your only son.”

Abraham looked up and there in a thicket he saw a ram caught by its horns. He went over and took the ram and sacrificed it as a burnt offering instead of his son. So Abraham called that place “The Lord will provide.” And to this day it is said, “On the mountain of the Lord it will be provided.”

Genesis 22:1-14, niv


Reading this story raises some hard-to-answer questions. It raises questions about God, specifically, how could he and why would he? How could God order Abraham to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice, when we know from the Bible that such a thing is utterly abhorrent to God? Many ancient cultures practiced human sacrifice on the rationale that if offering the life of an animal to the gods was good for securing their favor, then offering the life of a person was even better. But this whole approach to the real God is wrong, because we cannot buy his favor with our sacrifices. We cannot bargain with God. There is nothing we can offer God that can buy his good will – not even were we to offer the most precious thing we possess, our own children. This is what the Bible says:

With what shall I come before the Lord

and bow down before the exalted God?

Shall I come before him with burnt offerings,

with calves a year old?

Will the Lord be pleased with thousands of rams,

with ten thousand rivers of oil?

Shall I offer my firstborn for my transgression,

the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?

He has showed you, O man, what is good.

And what does the Lord require of you?

To act justly and to love mercy and to walk humbly with your God.

Micah 6:6-8

Biblical faith teaches us not to try to earn God’s approval through offerings or gifts but instead to trust in the sacrifice he has made for us through Jesus on the cross. We should come to him with nothing but humble repentance and faithful obedience. “The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise” (Ps. 51:17). So why then would God ask Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac?

The story also raises questions about Abraham himself. Why was he prepared to do this terrible deed? Can this really be an act of faith? I used to live in a small town where a story that had happened decades before was still remembered and repeated. In the early years of the twentieth century a farmer by the name of Dykstra believed that God was telling him to sacrifice his son as a test of obedience. One fateful day he took his boy out into a field and killed him. He spent the rest of his days confined to an institution for the criminally insane, as well he should have. But Abraham was not insane; he was not horribly misguided. For him somehow it was different. This was a unique and unrepeatable test, just for Abraham. We don’t know how God spoke to him or how Abraham knew that it really was the Lord who was making that terrible demand. All we can say for certain is that, for reasons we may not fully understand, God chose this terrible test of faith for the one who would become the father of all the faithful.


This, in fact, is exactly what Hebrews tells us about Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son Isaac. “By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac” (Heb. 11:17). The whole episode was the supreme test of Abraham’s faith. The purpose of the test was, as the angel implied, to see how much Abraham feared God – that is, took him seriously, held him in awe, obeyed him absolutely. One Bible scholar says, “God tests to discern the identity of his people – who is serious about faith – and to know in whose lives he will be fully God” (Walter Brueggemann). We know that God did not really want Abraham to offer up his son, and that he had a substitute planned to take Isaac’s place. But Abraham did not know that. He only knew that he had to give up God’s best gift to him, that which was dearer to him than anything else in all the world.

Abraham’s faith was put to the test when God’s demand upon him seemed to conflict with God’s promises to him. God had promised descendants through Isaac. Now Isaac must be offered up. How could this be? Abraham did not know, but he submitted to the demand without losing hope in the promise. “We will come back [from the mountain],” he told Isaac; “the Lord himself will provide” (Gen. 22:5,8). The writer to the Hebrews says this about it:

“He who had received the promises was about to sacrifice his one and only son even though God had said to him, ‘It is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned.’ Abraham reasoned that God could raise the dead, and figuratively speaking, he did receive Isaac back from the dead.”

(Heb. 11:17-19)

Abraham believed that the Lord would somehow keep his word. The struggle for Abraham was reconciling God’s demand for Isaac with his promise about Isaac. Abraham could have rejected the one, or given up on believing the other, but he held on to both. He decided that if necessary God could even raise Isaac from the dead. And, in a sense, that is just what happened.

You and I will never be asked to do exactly what Abraham was asked to do, but our faith will be tested in the same way. Faith is tested whenever suffering comes, when things happen to us that make it seem impossible that the Lord could still keep his good promises to us. Faith is tested when God’s hard demands upon us seem to conflict with his wonderful promises to us. What it comes down to is this: Do you love and fear and trust God absolutely, even when appearances are against him and faith doesn’t seem to be paying off for you?

I hope that you are a person of faith, a follower of the Lord Jesus. All the promises of God find their fulfillment only in him. But if you are, I have to warn you of this: The day may come when God asks you for your Isaac. It may very well happen that he will demand what is most precious to you, your dearest love, your most cherished possession. He may open your heart, examine the secret treasure you hold there, and ask you to give it up. It could be your husband, your wife, your child, or your dream of having those things. It could be your career or job, your health, whatever holds the key to your earthly happiness. Somehow God will demand it for reasons you can’t understand. And when that happens, the test for you will be whether you can go on believing his promises to you. Can you still trust in God? Can you believe that he is still good, that his will for you is happiness and joy, that he will save and bless you? It is the glory of faith to go on trusting and obeying God, not because of what happens to you, but in spite of what happens to you.


One other thing can be said about our story of Abraham and Isaac on the mountain. The book of Hebrews says that the sacrifice which was interrupted when God sent the angel to stop Abraham, nevertheless took place in a figurative sense. “Figuratively speaking,” Isaac did die and rise again from the dead on that mountain. The words in Hebrews 11:19 which are translated “figuratively speaking” literally mean “in the form of a parable.” Mount Moriah, the mountain where Abraham took Isaac, was on the site where many years later the city of Jerusalem would be built. It was, in fact, the place on which the temple stood. The great drama that unfolded on that day when Abraham climbed the hill with his son bearing the load of wood on his back, and built the altar, and stretched Isaac out upon it, and prepared to strike him with his own hand – it was all a parable, a foreshadowing of a much greater drama that would take place two thousand years later on another hill in the same place.

For next to Mount Moriah is Mount Calvary, the hill called Golgotha (the place of the skull). And I can’t read the story of Abraham’s sacrifice without seeing in my mind’s eye that other hill, and that other day, and another Father and his Son. That Son too carried the wood of the sacrifice upon his back, in the form of a cross. He was stretched out upon it and then raised up on it to die between heaven and earth. No angel stayed the Father’s hand that day. No ram was found that could be a substitute. “He did not spare his own son but gave him up for us all. Will he not also freely give us all things with him?” (Rom. 8:32, rsv). Whoever you are, if you know about that Father’s love, if you believe in his Son Jesus Christ, then you can be sure that he will also give you everything in Christ someday – everything you could hope for, and more than you could dream. However hard your life may be now, and however much your faith is tested, he will give you all that he has promised in the end.